Spinosauridae
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Alcober, O., Sereno, P., Larsson, H.C.E.,
Martinez, R. & Varricchio, D.J., 1998. A Late Cretaceous carcharodontosaurid (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) from Argentina. J. Vert. Palaeontol. 18 (3) : 23A.

Allain, R., 2002. Discovery of megalosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) in the Middle Bathonian of Normandy (France) and its implications for the phylogeny of basal tetanurae. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 21 (3) : 548–563.

Allain, R., Xaisanavong, T., Richir P. & Khentavong, B., in press. The first definitive Asian spinosaurid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Early Cretaceous of Laos. Naturwissenschaften (advance online publication) DOI: 10.1007/s00114-012-0911-7.

Amiot, R., Buffetaut, E., Lécuyer, C., Wang, X., Boudad, L., Ding, Z., Fourel, F., Hutt, S., Martineau, F., Medeiros, A.M., Mo, J., Simon, L., Suteethorn, V, Sweetman, S., Tong, H., Zhang, F. & Zhou, Z., 2010. Oxygen isotope evidence for semi-aquatic habits among spinosaurid theropods. Geology, 38, 139-142.

Amiot, R., Buffetaut, E., Tong, H., Boudad, L. & Kabiri, L., 2004. Isolated theropod teeth from the Cenomanian of Morocco and their palaeobiogeographical significance. Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève  vol. spec. 9 : 143-149.

Amiot, R., Buffetaut, E., Lecuyer, C., Boudad,
L., Hutt, S., Mo, J.Y., Suteethorn V., Sweetman, S., Tong, H., Wang, X. & Fusong, Z., 2008. Were some dinosaurs aquatic? In J.-M. Mazin, J. Pouech, P. Hantzpergue, V. Lacombe., Mid-Mesozoic Life and Environments. Cognac (France), June 24th-28th 2008.

Arambourg, M. C., 1935. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de  France 5e série, 5 : 257.


Bailey, J. B., 1997. Neural spine elongation in dinosaurs: Sailbacks or buffalo-backs? Journal of Paleontology 71 (6) : 1124-1146.


Bakker, R.T., 1988. The Dinosaur Heresies. Citadel Books, London. 481p.


Bakker, R.T., 2000. Brontosaur killers: Late Jurassic allosaurids as saber-tooth cat analogues. Gaia 15 : 145-158. Daté de 1998, publié en 2000.


Barale, G. & Lemoigne, Y., 2000. L’évolution de la flore. In La valse des espèces. Dossier Pour la Science ed. Juillet 2000 : 36-41.


Barrett, P.M., Benson, R.B.J., Rich, T.H. & Vickers-Rich, P., 2011. First spinosaurid dinosaur from Australia and the cosmopolitanism of Cretaceous dinosaur faunas. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.0466.

Barthoux, J., 1924. Moyenne, Haute Moulouia et grand atlas. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de  France, 4 t. XXIV : 238–240.


Basse, E. & Choubert, G., 1959. Les faunes d’Ammonites du Cénomano-Turonien de la partie orientale du domaine atlasique marocain et de ses annexes sahariennes. 20e Congrès Geol. Int. Mexico, 1956, publi. 1959, sympos. Del Cretàcico : 59-82. 1 c., 1 carr.


Benton, M.J., 2005. Vertebrate Palaeontology (third edition). Blackwell Science Ltd. 456 p.

Benton, M.J., Bouaziz, S., Buffetaut E., Martill, D., Ouaja, M., Soussi, M., & Trueman, C., 2000. Dinosaurs and other fossil vertebrates from fluvial deposits in the Lower Cretaceous of southern Tunisia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 157 : 227–246.

Bertin, T., 2010. A Catalogue of Material and Review of the Spinosauridae. PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7, 4: 1-39.

Bittencourt J.S. & Kellner A.W.A., 2004. On a sequence of sacrocaudal theropod dinosaur vertebrae from the Lower Cretaceous Santana Formation, Northeastern Brazil. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro 62 (3) 309–320.

Bittencourt, J.S. & Kellner, A.W.A., 2003. New theropod remains from the Romualdo Member, Santana Formation (Aptian-Albian), Northeastern Brazil. Abstracts of III Simpósio Brasileiro de Paleovertebrados, Resumos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ.


Bonaparte, J.F. & Novas, F.E., 1985. Abelisaurus comahuensis, n. g., n. sp., Carnosauria del Cretácico tardio de Patagonia. Ameghiniana 21 : 259–265.

Bonaparte, J.F. & Powell, J.E., 1980. A continental assemblage of tetrapods from the upper Cretaceous beds of El Brete, northwestern Argentina (Sauropoda-Coelurosauria-Carnosauria-Aves). Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France 59 : 19-28.

Bonaparte, J.F., Novas, F.E. & Coria, R.A., 1990. Carnotaurus sastrei Bonaparte, the horned, lightly built carnosaur from the Middle Cretaceous of Patagonia. Contr. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles 416 : 1–42.

Bouaziz S., Buffetaut, E., Ghanmi, M., Jaeger, J.J., Martin, M., Mazin J.M. & Tong, H., 1988. Nouvelles découvertes de vertébrés fossiles dans l’Albien du Sud tunisien. Bulletin de la  Société Géologique de  France 8 IV : 335-339.

Britt, B.B., 1991. Theropod of Dry Messa Quarry
(Morrison Formation, Late Jurassic), Colorado, with emphasis on the osteology of Torvosaurus tanneri. Brigham Young University Geology Studies 37 : 1-72.


Brochu, C.A. 1999. Phylogenetics, taxonomy, and historical biogeography of Alligatoroidea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19 (Supplement to No. 2): 9–100.

Brochu, C.A. 2003. Osteology of Tyrannosaurus rex: Insights from a nearly complete skeleton and high-resolution computed tomographic analysis of the skull. SVP Memoir 7 138 pp.

Broin, F. de. 1988. Les tortues et le Gondwana. Examen des rapports entre le fractionnement du Gondwana au Crétacé et la dispersion géographique des tortues pleurodires à partir du Crétacé. Studia Salmanticensia, Studia Palaeocheloniologica 2 (5) : 103–142.

Brusatte, S.L. & Sereno, P.C., 2007. A new species of Carcharodontosaurus
(dinosauria: theropoda) from the Cenomanian of Niger and a revision of the genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(4): 902-916.

Buffetaut, E. & Ingavat, R., 1986. Unusual theropod dinosaur teeth from the Upper Jurassic of Phu Wiang, northeastern Thailand. Revu de Paléobiologie 5 : 217-220.

Buffetaut, E. & Ouaja, M., 2002. A new specimen of Spinosaurus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia, with remarks on the evolutionary history of the Spinosauridae. Bulletin de la Société Geologique de France 173 (5) : 415-421. http://bsgf.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/173/5/415

Buffetaut, E. & Rage, J.-C., 1993. Fossil amphibians and reptiles and the Africa-South America connection. In: George, W. & R. Lavocat (eds) The Africa-South-America connection. Clarendon Press, Oxford: 87–99.

Buffetaut, E. & Suteethorn, V., 1998. Early Cretaceous dinosaurs from Thailand and their bearing on the early evolution and biogeographical history of some groups of Cretaceous dinosaurs; Proceedings volume for the The "Lower to "Middle" Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems" symposium. New Mexico Museum of Natural History Bulletin 14.

Buffetaut, E. & Taquet, P., 1977. The giant crocodilian Sarcosuchus in the Early Cretaceous of Brazil and Niger. Palaeontology 20 : 203–208.

Buffetaut, E., 1976. Der Land-Krokodilier Libycosuchus  Stromer und die Familie Libycosuchidae (Crocodylia, Mesosuchia) aus der Kreide Afrikas. Mitteilungen Bayerischen Staatssammlung fuer Paläontologie Historische Geologie 16 : 17-28.

Buffetaut, E., 1989a. New remains of the enigmatic dinosaur Spinosaurus from the Cretaceous of Morocco and the affinities between Spinosaurus and Baryonyx. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 2 : 79-87.

Buffetaut, E., 1989b. New remains of Spinosaurus from the Cretaceous of Morocco. Archosaurian Articulation 1 (9) : 65-68.

Buffetaut, E., 1992. Remarks on the Cretaceous theropod dinosaurs Spinosaurus and Baryonyx. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 2 : 88-96.

Buffetaut, E., 1994. A new crocodilian from the Cretaceous of southern Morocco. Compte Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences 319 (2) : 1563–1568.

Buffetaut, E., 2007. The spinosaurid dinosaur Baryonyx (Saurischia, Theropoda) in the Early Cretaceous of Portugal. Geological Magazine, 1-5 Cambridge University Press.

Buffetaut, E., 2008. Spinosaurid teeth from the Late Jurassic of Tengaduru, Tanzania, with remarks on the evolutionary and biogeographical history of the Spinosauridae. In J.-M. Mazin, J. Pouech, P. Hantzpergue, V. Lacombe., Mid-Mesozoic Life and Environments. Cognac (France), June 24th-28th 2008, pp. 26-28.

Buffetaut, E., 2009. The biogeography of spinosaurid dinosaurs: a review. International Conference on Vertebrate Palaeobiogeography and continental bridges across Tethys, Mesogea, and Mediterranean Sea. 28 – 29 September 2009 Bologna, Italia, p. 18-20.

Buffetaut, E., 2010. Spinosaurs before Stromer: early finds of spinosaurid dinosaurs and their interpretations. In Moody, R. T. J., Buffetaut, E., Naish, D. & Martill, D. M. (eds) Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Saurians: A Historical Perspective. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 343: 175–188.

Buffetaut, E., 2012. An early spinosaurid dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of Tendaguru (Tanzania) and the evolution of the spinosaurid dentition. Oryctos 10: 1-8. 

Buffetaut, E., Martill, D. & Escuillé, F., 2004. Pterosaurs as part a spinosaur diet. Nature 430 : 33. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v430/n6995/abs/430033a.html

Buffetaut, E., Suteethorn V. & Tong H., 2004. Asian spinosaur confirmed. SVPCA 2004.

Buffetaut, E., Suteethorn, V., Tong H. & Amiot, A., 2008. An early Cretaceous spinosaurid dinosaur from southern China. Geological Magazine, 145 (5), 2008, pp. 745–748.

Calvo, J. & Coria, R.A., 2000. A new specimen of Giganotosaurus carolinii Coria & Salgado 1995, supports it as the largest theropod ever found. Gaia 15 : 117-122. Daté de 1998, publié en 2000.

Candeiro, C.R.A, Martinelli, A.G., Avilla, L.S. & Rich T.H., 2006. Tetrapods from the Upper Cretaceous (Turonian-Maastrichtian) Bauru Group of Brazil: a reappraisal. Cretaceous Research 27 (6): 923-946.

Candeiro, C.R.A., Abranches, C.T., Abrantes, E.A., Avilla, L.S., Martins, V.C., Moreira, A.L., Torres S.R. & Bergqvist, L.P., 2004.  Dinosaur remains from Western São Paulo State, Brazil (Bauru Basin, Adamantina Formation, Upper Cretaceous), Journal of South American Earth Science 18 1–10.


Canudo, J.I. & Ruiz-Omeñaca, J.I., 2003. Los restos directos de dinosaurios terópodos (excluyendo Aves) en España. - In: Pérez-Lorente, F. (ed.): Dinosaurios y otros Reptiles Mesozoicos en España (IER, Ciencias de la Tierra, 26): 347–374.

Canudo, J.I., Gasulla, J.M., Ortega, F. & Ruiz-Omeñaca, J.I., 2004. Presencia de Baryonychinae (Theropoda) en el Aptiense inferior (Cretácico inferior) de Laurasia: Cantera Mas de la Parreta, Formación Arcillas de Morella (Morella, Castellón). - III Jornadas Internacionales sobre Palaeontología de Dinosaurios y su Entorno. Salas de los Infantes (Burgos), 16 al 18 de septiembre de 2004 : 11–12.

Canudo, J.I., Gasulla, J.M., Gómez-Hernandez, D., Ortega, F., Sanz, J.L. & Yagüe, P., 2008. First evidence of isolated teeth referred to Spinosauridae (Theropoda) from the lower Aptian (Lower Cretaceous) of Europe : Arcillas de Morella Formation (Spain). Ameghiniana 45: 649-662.

Capetta, H. & Case, G.R., 1975. Geobios 8 : 303.

Carr, T.D., 1996. Cranial osteology and craniofacial ontogeny in Tyrannosauridae (Dinosauria : Theropoda) from the Dinosaur Park Formation (Judith River Group, Upper Cretaceous : Campanian) of Alberta. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, 358 pp.

Carr, T.D., 1999. Craniofacial ontogeny in Tyrannosauridae (Dinosauria, Coelurosauria). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19 : 497–520.

Carrano, M.T., & Sampson, S.D., 1999. Evidence for a paraphyletic ‘Ceratosauria’ and its implications for theropod dinosaur evolution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19 : 36A.

Cavin, L. & Brito, P.M., 2001. A new Lepisosteidae (Actinopterygii: Ginglymodi) from the Cretaceous of the Kem Kem beds, Southern Morocco. Bull. Bulletin de la  Société Géologique de  France 172 (5) : 141–150.

Cavin, L. & Dutheil, D.B., 1999. A new Cenomanian ichthyofauna from southeastern Morocco and its relationships with other early Late Cretaceous Moroccan faunas. Geologie en Mijnbouw 78 : 261–266, 1999.

Cavin, L. & Forey, P.L., 2004. New mawsoniid coelacanth (Sarcopterygii: Actinistia) remains from the Cretaceous of the Kem Kem beds Southern Morocco. In Mesozoic Fishes 3 – Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity, G. Arratia & A. Tintori (eds.): pp. 493-506, 7 figs.

Cavin, L., Boudad, L., Duffaud, S., Kabiri, L., Le Loeuff, J., Rouget, I. & Tong, H., 2001. L’évolution paléoenvironnementales des faunes de poissons du Crétacé supérieur du bassin du Tafilalt et des régions avoisinantes (Sud-est du Maroc) : implications paléobiogéographiques. Compte Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences (Paris, Sciences de la Terre et des planètes) 333 : 677-683.

Charig, A.J. & Milner, A.C., 1986. Baryonyx, a remarkable new theropod dinosaur. Nature 324 : 359-361. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v324/n6095/abs/324359a0.html

Charig, A.J. & Milner, A.C., 1990. The systematic position of Baryonyx walkeri, in the light of Gauthier’s reclassification of the Theropoda. In : K. Carpenter & P.J. Currie, Eds, Dinosaur systematics. Approaches and perspectives – Cambridge University Press, Cambridge : 127-140.

Charig, A.J. & Milner, A.C., 1997. Baryonyx walkeri, a fish-eating dinosaur from the Wealden of Surrey.
Bulletin of the Natural  History Museum of London 53 : 11-70.

Choubert, G. & Marcais, J., 1952. Géologie du Maroc. Aperçus structural. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologiques (Maroc) 100 : 196 p.

Choubert, G., 1939. Sur le crétacé du Maroc oriental. Compte Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences Paris 208 (3) : 209–211.

Choubert, G., 1952. Géologie du Maroc. Histoire Géologique du domaine de l’Anti-Atlas. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologiques (Maroc) 100 : 196 p.

Chure, D.C., 1995. A reassessment of the gigantic theropod Saurophagus maximus from the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Oklahoma, USA. Sixth Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota. 103-106.

Coria, A.R. & Saldago, L., 2000. A basal Abelisauria Novas 1992 (Theropoda-Ceratosauria) from the Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina.
Gaia (Lisbon) 15 : 89-102. Daté de 1998, publié en 2000.

Coria, R.A. & Currie, P.J., 2006. A new carcharodontosaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Argentina. Geodiversitas 28 (1) : 71-118.


C
oria, R.A. & Saldago, L., 1995. A new giant carnivorous dinosaur from the Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 377 : 224-226.

Coria, R.A. & Saldago, L., 1999. A primitive abelisaur theropod from the Rio Limay Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of
Patagonia. SVP 19 (3) 39A.

Coria, R.A., Chiappe, L.M. & Dingus, L., 2002. A close relative of Carnotaurus sastrei Bonaparte 1985 (Theropoda : Abelisauridae) from the Late Cetaceous of Patagonia. J. Vert. Palaeontol. 22 : 460–465.

Currie, P.J. & Carpenter, K., 2000. A new specimen of Acrocanthosaurus atokensis (Theropoda, Dinosauria) from the Lower Cretaceous Antlers Formation (Lower Cretaceous, Aptian) of Oklahoma, USA. Geodiversitas 22 (2) : 207-246.


Currie, P.J. & Padian, K., 1997. Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press.


Currie, P.J. & Zhao, X.J., 1993. A new carnosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Jurassic of Xinjiang, People’s Republic of
China. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 30 : 2037-2081.

Currie, P.J., 1995. New information on the anatomy and relationships of Dromaeosaurus albertensis (Dinosauria:Theropoda). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15 : 576-591.

Currie, P.J., 2003. Cranial anatomy of tyrannosaurid dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Alberta, Canada. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48 : 191-226.

Daguin, F., 1931. Sur le Crétacé de la vallée de l ‘Oued Ziz (Maroc du Sud, Confins du Tafilalt). Bulletin de la Société Géologique du Maroc 2 p.13.

Dal Sasso, C., Maganuco, S., Buffetaut, E. & Mendez, M.A., 2005. New information on the skull of the enigmatic theropod Spinosaurus, with remarks on its size and affinities. J. Vert. Palaeontol.25 (4) : 888-896. http://www.geocities.com/stephvern/spinoskull.pdf

Dépéret, C., & Savornin, J., 1927. Sur la découverte d’une faune de vertébrés albiens à Timimoun (Sahara occidental). Comptes rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris 181 : 1108-1111.

Dominik, W., 1985. Stratigraphie und Sedimentologie (Geochemie, Schwermineralanalyse) der oberkreide von Bahariya und ihre Korrelation zum Dakhla-Becken (Western-Desert, Agypten). Berliner Geowiss. Abh., A 62 ; 1-172.

Dong, Z. M., Zhang, Y. H., Li, X. & Zhou, S. W., 1978. Note on a new carnosaur Yangchuanosaurus shangyuensis gen. et sp. nov. from the Jurassic of Yangchuan District, Sichuan. Kexue Tongbao 23 : 298-302 (en Chinois).

Dong, Z., 1992. Dinosaurian Fauna's of China. 188 pp. Ocean press/ Springer-Verlag, Beijing/Berlin.

Dutheil, D.B., 1999a. An overview of the freshwater fish fauna from the Kem Kem beds (Late Cretaceous: Cenomanian) of southeastern Morocco. In: Arratia, G.& H.-P. Schultze (eds) Mesozoic Fishes 2 – Systematics and Fossil Record, Friedrich Pfeil, München, 1999 : 553–563.

Dutheil, D.B., 1999b. The first articulated fossil cladistian: Serenoichthys kemkemensis, gen. et sp. nov., from the Cretaceous of Morocco. J. Vert. Paleont. 19 (2) : 243-246.

Ferrandini, M., Philip, J., Babinot, J.-F., Ferrandini, J. & Tronchetti, G., 1985. Bulletin de la  Société Géologique de  France 8 : 559–564 La plate-forme carbonatée du Cénomano-Turonien de la région d’Erfoud-Errachidia (Sud-Est marocain): stratigraphie et paléoenvironnements.

Forey P.L. & Grande L., 1998. An African twin to the Brazilian Calamopleurus (Actinopterygii: Amiidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 123 179–195.


Fowler, D. W., 2007. Recently rediscovered baryonychine teeth (Dinosauria: Theropoda): new morphologic data, range extension, & similarity to Ceratosaurus. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 27(3, supp), 76A.


Fuentes Vidarte, C., Meijide Calvo, M., Izquierdo, L.A., Molinero, P., Montero, D., Pérez, G., Urien, V., Meijide Fuentes, F. y Meijide Fuentes, M. 1999. Restos de Baryonyx (Dinosauria, Theropoda) en el weald de Salas de los Infantes (Burgos, España). I Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontología de dinosaurios y su entorno. Salas de los Infantes, Burgos, 24-25.

Fuentes Vidarte, C., Meijide Calvo, M., Izquierdo, L.A., Montero, D., Pérex, G., Torcida, F., Urién, V., Meijide Fuentes, F. & Meijide Fuentes, M. 2001. Restos fósiles de Baryonyx (Dinosauria, Theropoda) en el Cretácico inferior de Salas de los Infantes (Burgos, España). Actas de las I Jornadas internacionales sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y su entorno, 349-359.

Gaffney, E.S., Tong, H. & Meylan, P.A., 2002. Galianemys, a New Side-Necked Turtle (Pelomedusoides: Bothremydidae) from the Late Cretaceous of Morocco. American Museum Novitates 3379, 20 pp., 4 fig., 3 tab.

Galton, P.M. & Jensen, J.A., 1979. A new large theropod dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic of Colorado. Brigham Young University Geology Studies 26 : 1-12.

Gasca, J.M., Moreno-Azansa, M. & Canudo, J.I., 2008. Dientes de dinosaurios terópodos espinosáuridos de la Formación El Castellar (Cretácico Inferior, Teruel). Palaeontologica Nova. SEPAZ 8, 233-234.

Gauthier, J.A., 1986. Saurischian monophyly and the origin of birds. In K. Padian (ed.), The Origin of Birds and the Evolution of Flight. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 8.

Gmira, S., 1995. Etude des Chéloniens fossiles du Maroc. Anatomie-Systématique-Phylogénie. Cahiers de Paléontologie. Paris, CNRS Editions. 140 pp.

Godefroit, P., Dong, Z.M., Bultynck, P., Li, H. & Feng, L., 1998. New Bactrosaurus (Dinosauria: Hadrosauroidea) material from Iren Dabasu (Inner Mongolia, P.R. China). Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre 68 (supplément) : 3-70.

Hasegawa, Y., Buffetaut, E., Manabe, M. & Takakuwa, Y., 2003. A possible spinosaurid tooth from the Sebayashi Formation (Lower Cretaceous), Gunma, Japan. Bulletin of Gunma Museum of Natural History : 1-5.


Hasegawa, Y., Tanaka, G., Takakuwa Y. & Koike S., 2010. Fine sculptures on a tooth of Spinosaurus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from Morocco. Bulletin of Gunma Museum of Natural History, 14, 11-20.


Hendrickx C. & Buffetaut E., 2008. Functional interpretation of spinosaurid quadrates (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Mid-Cretaceous of Morocco.
56th Annual Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy (Dublin, 2 - 6 septembre 2008).

Holtz, T.R., Jr., 1994. The phylogenetic position of the Tyrannosauridae: implications for theropod systematics. J. Paleontol. 68 : 1100-1117.

Holtz, T.R., Jr., 1998. Spinosaurs as crocodile mimics. Science 282 : 1276-1277. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/282/5392/1276

Holtz, T.R., Jr., 2000. A new phylogeny of the carnivorous dinosaurs. Gaia 15. 5-61. Daté de 1998, publié en 2000.

Hone, D.W.E., Xu, X. & Wang, D.-Y., 2010. A probable Baryonychine (Theropoda: Spinosauridae) tooth from the Upper Cretaceous of Henan Province, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 48(1): 19-26.

Huene & Matley, 1933. The Cretaceous Saurischia and Ornithischia of the central provinces of India. Pal. Indica 21 1-74, 33 figs., 24 pls.

Hutt, S. & Newbery, p., 2004. A new look at Baryonyx walkeri (Charig and Milner, 1986) based upon a recent fossil find from the Wealden. SVPCA 2004.

Infante, P., Canudo, J.I. & Ruiz-Omeñaca, J.I., 2005. Primera evidencia de dinosaurios terópodos en la Formación Mirambel (Barremiense inferior, Cretácico Inferior) en Castellote, Teruel. Geogaceta 38, 31–4.

Janensch, W., 1925. Die Coelurosaurier und Theropoden der Tendaguru-Schichten Deutsch-Ostafrikas. Palaeontographica Suppl. 7 : 1-99.

Joly, F. & Lavocat, R., 1949. Observations géologiques et morphologiques dans les Kem-Kem de la Daoura (Maroc sud oriental). Compte Rendus Sommaires de la Société géologique de France 13 : 288–289.

Joly, F., 1962. Etude sur le relief du sud-est marocain. Travaux de l’Institut des Sciences chérifiens Série Géologie, Géographie Physique 10 : 578 p.

Kellner, A.W.A., Azevedo, S.A.K., Machado, E.B., De Carvalho, L.B. & Henriques, D.D.R., 2011. A new dinosaur (Theropoda, Spinosauridae) from the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Alcântara Formation, Cajual Island, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 83 (1) : 99-108.


Kellner A.W.A. & Campos, D.A., 1996. First Early Cretaceous theropod dinosaur from Brazil with comments on Spinosauridae. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie Abhandlungen 199 (2) : 151-166.

Kellner A.W.A. & Mader B.J., 1996. First report of Pterosauria (Pterodactyloidea, Azhdarchidae) from Creatceous rocks of Morocco. J. Vert. Palaeontol.  16 (3) : 45A.

Kellner A.W.A. & Mader B.J., 1997. Archosaur teeth from the Creatceous rocks of Morocco. J. Vert. Palaeontol. 17 (3) : 62A.

Kellner A.W.A. & Mader B.J., 1997. Archosaur teeth from the Cretaceous of Morocco. Journal of Paleontology 71(3): 525-527.

Lamanna, M.C., Martinez, R.D. & Smith, J. B., 2002. A definitive abelisaurid theropod dinosaur from the early Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. J. Vert. Paleontol. 22 : 58–69.

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